RD555 - Compensation Board FY18 Fines and Fees Report – December 1, 2018


Executive Summary:

Court Clerks

• In FY18, Court Clerks assessed $469.7M and collected $297.4M in fines and fees.
• Court assessments between FY17 and FY18 decreased by $0.7M.
• Collections by Court Clerks between FY17 and FY18 increased by $6.4M.

Commonwealth’s Attorneys

• In FY18, total assessments(*1) of delinquent fines and fees were $171.1M.
• Assessments of delinquent restitution amounts sent to collections were $42.6M.
• Net assessments(*2) of delinquent fines and fees were $186.6M.
• Net assessments(*2) of delinquent fines and fees between FY17 and FY18 increased by $5.5M.
• Total collections(*3) of delinquent fines and fees by Commonwealth’s Attorneys were $67.0M.
• Restitution collections in FY18 totaled $5.9M, and collections of fee offset amounts totaled $6.7M.
• Net collections(*4) by Commonwealth’s Attorneys in FY18 were $65.7M.
• Net collections(*4) by Commonwealth’s Attorneys between FY17 and FY18 decreased by $9.7M.

(*1) Total assessments exclude restitution, but include an assessed amount to offset collections fees as of FY14.
(*2) Net assessments include restitution assessments as of FY14.
(*3) Total collections exclude both restitution and offset fee amounts collected.
(*4) Net collections include restitution collections and offset fee amounts collected as of FY14, and deduct collection fees.

Trend Data for Assessments and Collections

Court Clerks

• Court assessments were:

• $281.5M in FY98;
• $420.7M in FY13; and
• $469.7M in FY18.

• Court collections were:

• $192.2M in FY98;
• $263.9M in FY13; and
• $297.4M in FY18.

Commonwealth’s Attorneys

• Commonwealth’s Attorneys’ net assessments(*1) were:
• $95.5M in FY98;
• $88.9M in FY13; and
• $186.9M in FY18.

• Commonwealth’s Attorneys’ total collections(*2) were:

• $29.2M in FY98;
• $61.1M in FY13; and
• $67.0M in FY18.

• Commonwealth’s Attorneys’ net collections(*3) were:

• $23.0M in FY98;
• $48.4M in FY13; and
• $65.7M in FY18.

NOTE Total assessments and total collections are lower in FY18, impacted by a change, effective 7/1/2017, increasing the timeframe after which unpaid fines and costs become delinquent from 30 days to 90 days.

(*1) Net assessments include restitution assessments for FY18, but not FY98 or FY13.
(*2) Total collections exclude both restitution and offset fee amounts collected for all years.
(*3) Net collections include restitution collections and offset fee amounts collected for FY18, but not FY98 or FY13. Net collections deduct collection fees for all years.

Collection Agents

• In FY18, Commonwealth’s Attorneys contracted with eleven private collection agents, six localities and one state agency for the collection of delinquent fines and fees.
• Collection fee percentages ranged from 17 percent to 35 percent.
• There was one change in collection method in FY18:

LOCALITY: FLOYD
FY17 COLLECTION METHOD: Taxation
FY18 COLLECTION METHOD: In-House Program

In-House Collection Programs

• In FY18, sixteen Commonwealth’s Attorneys collected delinquent fines and fees in-house.
• Collection fee percentages ranged from 30 percent to 35 percent.