RD223 - Crime in Virginia 2018

Executive Summary:

Crime is of great concern to all citizens of Virginia. By use of crime statistics, criminal justice agencies can make an informed decision concerning the most efficient and effective manner in which to dedicate their limited resources toward the reduction of crime in their communities. The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is a system of collecting and analyzing crime statistics gathered on selected crimes by participating law enforcement agencies throughout the Commonwealth. We acknowledge the efforts made by these agencies in making this report accurate and concise.

All information in this report uses an incident based reporting format. The Incident Based Reporting (IBR) central repository went into production in January 1994. At that time all contributing agencies were given five years to convert their summary system into an incident based system.

In the section, "Group A Offenses By Contributing Agencies," if the agency did not submit an entire year of data, the footnote beside the agency's name represents the number of months of submission. The statewide population for this publication (8,517,685) is a 2018 provisional estimate provided by the Weldon Cooper Center For Public Service, University of Virginia.

In accordance with the Code of Virginia, the Department of State Police, as the central repository, collects crime information from participating agencies. The most accurate information available in Virginia is used to generate the statistics contained in this annual report. IBR statistics were originally for police agencies only, but community concern has generated a use by both public and private sources. This use increases yearly. The IBR information has become the primary vehicle used to evaluate levels of criminal activity in jurisdictions throughout Virginia.

The participation and cooperation of all agencies making this publication possible is sincerely appreciated. The quality of the program continues to be maintained through their cooperative efforts.

Colonel Gary T. Settle

2018 Facts At A Glance

• There were 418,074 Group A Offenses reported by the contributing agencies. (Page 8)

• The total number of incidents of crime was 362,496 and the month of July had the greatest number of offenses reported. (Page 7)

• Of the 18,269 violent crimes reported, 53.4% occurred in the residence/home. (Pages 46 & 47)

• There were 5,835 victims of the 5,598 forcible sex offenses reported by the contributing agencies. (Page 14)

• The theft of financial property accounted for a property loss of $209,608,338. (Page 61)

• Firearms represented 26% of all known weapons used in aggravated assaults. Of all victims of aggravated assault, 69.5% had some type of injury. (Page 47)

• There were 132,858 Group A arrests reported by the contributing agencies and 146,430 Group B arrests reported. (Pages 74 & 75)

• There were 1,452 assaults on officers reported in Virginia. Approximately one-fifth (20.2%) involved some type of injury to the officer. (Page 57)

• Of the 161 hate crime offenses reported, 41.6% of these were assault offenses or vandalism/damage of property offenses. (Page 53)

Statewide Data collected as of March 18, 2019.

Clearance Rates: The IBR system does not accurately reflect the volume of clearances each department produces in a given year. Additionally, the number of arrests in a jurisdiction does not provide precise offense clearance information in that one person arrested could clear multiple offenses. Please contact individual agencies for incident clearance information.